Amalickiah: The Model Scheming Leader

… I did liken all scriptures unto us, that it might be for our profit and learning. 1 Nephi 19:23

In a talk given several times over the last 35 years, President Hinckley amplified the warnings of the Nephite prophets. Paraphrasing him, he said that the Book of Mormon is as “current as the morning newspaper” and that “the people succumbed to the wiles of ambitious and scheming leaders” causing lascivious living, burdensome taxes and ultimately wars which led to the destruction of both the Jaredites and the Nephites. (President Gordon B. Hinckley – A Testimony Vibrant and True most recently Ensign August 2005) This pointed declaration seems to have gone unnoticed by many a Latter Day Saint. I believe that we, the LDS culture, endeavor to fight the adversary with one half of the Book of Mormon behind our backs. To begin to remedy this situation I propose that we take a moment and study the epitome of the “ambitious and scheming leader,” Amalickiah. Forgive me as I liken the scriptures unto us. You may not like where this goes.

First off, I must disabuse you of the mistaken notion that this story is irrelevant to us in our day. Moroni and Mormon, Nephi and Jacob, and many other prophets saw our day. (Mormon 8:35–41 is particularly enlightening.) They saw us, the readers of the book containing the history of the house of Lehi. It was written for those of us that would read it, not for their contemporaries, not for the unbelievers in our generation. They included only the “hundredth part” of their record. (3 Nephi 26:6, Words of Mormon 1:5, 3 Nephi 5:8, Jacob 3:13, Helaman 3:14, Ether 15:33) It is critical that we not make the mistake of brushing off these seemingly non-doctrinal events found in the most correct book on the earth that was written specifically for us.

Now let us embark on the story of Amalickiah.

… and thus Amalickiah, by his fraud, gained the hearts of the people. Alma 47: 30

Whoa, wait a minute here. I’m starting at the end. Why? Because we ought to be concerned about the hearts and minds of the people these days. Mass media, military activity, political maneuvering, and societal discourse all center around gaining, influencing, winning or deceiving the hearts of the people. By succeeding in this pursuit, great wealth, power, and gratification are achieved. Nations are moved to war, to tax, to ignore, and even to collapse. Ok, now let us start at the beginning.

Now the leader of those who were wroth against their brethren was a large and a strong man; and his name was Amalickiah.

 And Amalickiah was desirous to be a king; and those people who were wroth were also desirous that he should be their king; and they were the greater part of them the lower judges of the land, and they were seeking for power.

 And they had been led by the flatteries of Amalickiah, that if they would support him and establish him to be their king that he would make them rulers over the people. 

Thus they were led away by Amalickiah to dissensions, notwithstanding the preaching of Helaman and his brethren, yea, notwithstanding their exceedingly great care over the church, for they were high priests over the church. 

And there were many in the church who believed in the flattering words of Amalickiah… Alma 46:3–7

Who was Amalickiah? Amalickiah was an elite member of the Nephite aristocracy. He was supported by the lower judges of the land. Amalickiah was also a leader of certain parts of the Nephite armies. (Alma46:32)

Why is this important? We ought to ask ourselves that question. Why do men in high places always desire more? Power corrupts. What power and money one wicked man already has is never enough. We ought not surrender our mental faculties to the thought that there is no reason for men of unimaginable power and money to desire more. It’s enough herein to establish the simple fact that they do. The Book of Mormon attests to it. “Yea, and we also see the great wickedness one very wicked man can cause to take place among the children of men.” (Alma 46:9)

It was only the 19th year of the reign of the judges among the people of Nephi. Amalickiah sought control of the nation and proceeded to wage an info-war against this free people. Moroni was angry and presented immediate opposition by raising the Title of Liberty. Thankfully Moroni won. His message? In memory of our God, our religion, and freedom, and our peace, our wives, and our children. (The Title of Liberty)

The model of the scheming and ambitious leader is beginning to develop:

  1. They desire more power and gain than they already have.
  2. They use flattery (definition: excessive and insincere praise, esp. that given to further one’s own interests.) to gain the hearts of the people. Interesting that we find further proof inAlma47 and 48 that Amalickiah was adept at marshalling the mechanisms of propaganda in his day.
  3. He made agreements with others in power to obtain and share the spoils. I suppose that if a concerned citizen had brought this to the attention of the Nephites who were deceived by the flattery of Amalickiah they might have brushed this off as simply a “conspiracy theory.” Captain Moroni knew it to be a fact. Ezra Taft Benson emphatically stated on multiple occasions “There is no conspiracy theory in the Book of Mormon — it is a conspiracy fact.”
  4. Many believe the lies. Even the members of the church are susceptible. *gasp* “many in the church”

Well I’m sure I’ve lost a few readers at this point (probably disgusted family members), but there it is in black and white, the hundredth part that Mormon chose to tell us about Amalickiah’s background.

As you know, Captain Moroni won the war of ideas. He was a man of “perfect understanding.” Mormon had high praise for Captain Moroni. Where do you think he got the idea for his son’s name? We ought to pay close attention. Amalickiah fled to the land of Nephi, and Moroni did not pursue. He only headed the segment of the Nephite armies that Amalickiah had co-opted, of which he had ultimate charge (Alma 46:34), and he enforced their covenants. If ever anyone had a reason for pre-emptive war, Moroni probably could make the best case. Yet he refrained. (For more perspective on Moroni, please read The Virtue of Captain Moroni– and/or other related works by this same author. And/or read Alma 48:10–20 in conjunction with D&C 130:20–21) Amalickiah escaped with his servants and immediately began meddling in the affairs of the Lamanites.

Now we will return in our record to Amalickiah and those who had fled with him into the wilderness; for, behold, he had taken those who went with him, and went up in the land of Nephi among the Lamanites, and did stir up the Lamanites to anger against the people of Nephi, insomuch that the king of the Lamanites sent a proclamation throughout all his land, among all his people, that they should gather themselves together again to go to battle against the Nephites.

And it came to pass that when the proclamation had gone forth among them they were exceedingly afraid; yea, they feared to displease the king, and they also feared to go to battle against the Nephites lest they should lose their lives. And it came to pass that they would not, or the more part of them would not, obey the commandments of the king.

And now it came to pass that the king was wroth because of their disobedience; therefore he gave Amalickiah the command of that part of his army which was obedient unto his commands, and commanded him that he should go forth and compel them to arms.

Now behold, this was the desire of Amalickiah; for he being a very subtle man to do evil therefore he laid the plan in his heart to dethrone the king of the Lamanites. Alma 47:1–4

More characteristics are developing:

  1. These men may meddle in the affairs of multiple nations to achieve their end goals.
  2. They are adept at manipulating the mechanisms of public information and are able to effectively inculcate the public with propaganda. This was especially important in Amalickiah’s case. We see, however, that he was not effective at first, because the Lamanites were war weary.
  3. They are adept at manipulating public officials and moving up the ladder of public and/or military office.
  4. They operate in a subtle and secret manner, always working towards their ultimate goal of power.

The main body of the Lamanite armies fled to Onidah (their place of arms) and ascended the Mount Antipas. They were determined not to be forced to fight the Nephites. They had elected Lehonti as their king and leader. (Alma47:5-7) Now Lehonti was probably not your average spring chicken. My guess is that he had been around the block. Mormon indicates that these soldiers were quite resolute in their desire not to fight. They appointed one of their best I am sure, but he had no idea who he was up against. But neither do we it seems. Yet we have the benefit of this inspired history. Lehonti did not.

What follows is a classic example of conspiracy, deceit, murder, and a false-flag terrorist attack. This is classic secret combination activity. After three unsuccessful attempts Amalickiah finally coaxes Lehonti into “peace-talks,” if you will, near the top of Mount Antipas. He offers his army in exchange for the position of second in command to Lehonti. (Alma 47:8–13) Don’t do it Lehonti. Lehonti agrees to the plan. Amalickiah allows him to surround his armies by night to take them by force. In the morning he of course acts surprised. All the necessary parties have been deceived. (Alma 47:14–16)

Amalickiah then murders Lehonti. Well actually he had a servant do it by administering poison to him “by degrees.” He didn’t even have to get his hands dirty. Plausible deniability? Thus he gains control of the entire Lamanite army. (Alma 47:17–19) To this point, we have seen some undeniable conspiracy, deceit, and murder. But, remember, the Lamanites are still vehemently opposed to fighting the Nephites for the most part. What follows next is Amalickiah’s artful manipulation of the entire Lamanite nation. His actions are necessary to set up the war that he wishes to prosecute. It is naïve to think that Amalickiah did not calculate this well in advance. His preliminary intention was to become the Lamanite king. Mormon tells us three times of this milestone. (Alma 47:4,8,16) Notwithstanding, we know that his ultimate goal was to “reign over all the land.” (Alma 48:2).

False-flag attacks and terrorism are some of the oldest tricks in the book. If you are unaware of the implications or the history of either of these terms, thank the public school system and begin your research (i.e. google). In a nutshell, the goal of these strategies is to create fear in a populace to induce a reaction. Generally the reaction is war or increased governmental control. In either case, the natural rights of the people at large are generally obliterated. Terrorism is an act against a non-military target, an assassination, or some other equivalent high-profile crime intended to provoke massive public reaction. The term “false-flag” stems from naval warfare, where a ship would display the flag of an adversary while executing some heinous crime against a port city or ship or other target, likely inflicted against oneself.  The adversary would of course be blamed and mayhem ensues.

Back to the story. Amalickiah brings the united Lamanite armies home. The king comes out to meet Amalickiah and Amalickiah sends his servants to greet him. They bow before the king and when the first one is raised up, that servant stabs the king through the heart, dead. In that moment of treachery the dead king’s loyal servants fled whilst Amalickiah’s minions raised a cry that the king’s servants had killed the king. (Alma47:20-26) Now on its face, this makes absolutely no sense. Why would the servants of the king kill the king? And why then and there? They must have had ample opportunity previously. Why would they do it with the armies so near?

Regardless of any flaws in the manufactured narrative, Amalickiah was expert in his craft. He immediately orders the armies to pursue the alleged terrorists who have conveniently fled to the land Jershon in the Nephite nation. His speech must have been inspiring. Whosoever loved the king, let him go forth, and pursue his servants that they may be slain. (Alma 46:27)  And it came to pass that all they who loved the king, when they heard these words, came forth and pursued after the servants of the king. (Alma 46:28) In their haste, the masses followed the direction of the scheming leader for love of king and country, in spite of any cognitive dissonance.

… and thus Amalickiah, by his fraud, gained the hearts of the people. Alma 47: 30

That is textbook folks. That is how it is done. Machiavelli could not have written a better script. But the story is not over. Amalickiah still had to woo the queen, and, then, set men upon the towers and engage in a full scale propaganda campaign to finally persuade the Lamanites to go to war.  (Alma47:31-36;Alma48:1)

More characteristics of those leaders we read about in the “morning newspaper”:

  1. These men are exceedingly expert at flattery. Many people who should know better fall for their lies.
  2. They have absolutely no scruples. They will lie directly to you and stab you through the heart, literally or figuratively, at their first opportunity. They would sell their own mother down the river.
  3. They are able to successfully deceive a necessary majority of their followers for lengthy periods of time.
  4. They have a group of loyal servants who do their dirty work. This may be large or small. They are in league together. Amalickiah must have made promises to many, many people and groups.
  5. They use any pretense, false or real, for as long as it serves their purpose to gain their ultimate end.
  6. They understand pride. It is universal. They endeavor to enlist the masses in erroneous actions. Any soul who has committed to an idea and verbally supports it or actively works toward its accomplishment will be difficult to convince that they are in error. This is stubborn pride.

Propaganda defined: information, esp. of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.

THE conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. These are the opening lines of Edward Bernays famous book Propaganda published in 1928. Bernays was part of the first official American state propaganda apparatus, The Committee on Public Information. This group played a crucial role in convincing the peace loving people of America to go to war in Europe in 1917 (WWI). The closing lines of the book are these: Propaganda will never die out. Intelligent men must realize that propaganda is the modern instrument by which they can fight for productive ends and help to bring order out of chaos. What we must understand is that whether we feel it plausible or not, men in power are, and have been, and ever will be studying how and attempting to manipulate the masses to achieve their corrupt goals, or, in other words, their “order out of chaos.”

I can imagine in my mind the full extent of Amalickiah’s rhetoric and the sound bites he must have employed; the ideas he implanted. If spoken today I would imagine it would sound something like this in our modern parlance: If you loved your king, if you love your country, stand with us. You are either with us or you are with the terrorists who killed the king. Those Nephites hate us. They want to destroy our way of life. We are justified in our attack. They are harboring the terrorists. We must seek out and destroy those terrorists and force our way of government upon the Nephites. It is our birthright.

2073 years later this was the actual language that was used: “We will pursue nations that provide aid or safe haven to terrorism. Every nation, in every region, now has a decision to make. Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists. From this day forward, any nation that continues to harbor or support terrorism will be regarded by the United States as a hostile regime.” (Pres. Bush Joint Session of Congress 9/20/2001)  Of course G.W. Bush didn’t write that speech. See V. Lenin’s quote on “useful idiots.” No, I am not saying that G.W. Bush is Amalickiah. No, I am not saying that the Afghans or the Iraqis are the Nephites. However, President Packer did say that our youth have been “raised in enemy territory.” (General Conference Oct. 2011)

Therefore he had accomplished his design, for he had hardened the hearts of the Lamanites and blinded their minds, and stirred them up to anger, insomuch that he had gathered together a numerous host to go to battle against the Nephites. (Alma 48:3)

Eleven years later we ought to ask ourselves, to what end are we working? What is the fruit of our efforts? Are we so blinded by stubborn pride that we cannot see the error of our ways?

Behold what the scripture says—man shall not smite, neither shall he judge; for judgment is mine, saith the Lord, and vengeance is mine also, and I will repay. Mormon 8:20

Dear readers, we are already at war here on our own soil. The war of ideas is on in earnest. The bombs are exploding all around us. Casualties to falsehoods abound, but the truth is sharper than a two-edged sword, to the dividing asunder of both joints and marrow. Please prayerfully use the Book of Mormon as a reference as you attempt to sort out the truth from the error in our day.

Image: LDS Media Library


  1. How refreshing to know that like-minded individuals posting on this site, have independently come to the same conclusions that my study has led me to. Hurray, I’m not alone! And not crazy either.

    My journey started about ten years ago and I only found LDSliberty (believe it or not) earlier this spring. Truly I am grateful for Daniel Campbell and others that articulate so well what my heart has felt to be true.

    I have often thought about the phrase “rumors of wars” mentioned by the Savior as he described the last days to his Apostles. I wonder if he wasn’t describing the rumors (lies, stories) peope in high places would spread to convince the masses of enemies and conflicts that are not real. If so, then our Savior with pinpoint precision described these last days more accurately than we may have realized; full of wars… and rumors of wars, hissed by conspiring Amalickiahs that wear shirts and ties and smile for the cameras.

    To light and truth! And thanks again…

  2. I agree with you that the Book of Mormon is for our day as a type and shadow of what went before, among both the Nephites and the Jaredites. So, we have a warning and guide as to how we should conduct ourselves today.

    However, I have heard it said many times and I use to believe it, that ‘the Book of Mormon’ was FOR OUR DAY ONLY, it was not for the use of the Nephites. However, if you read Chapter of 1 Nephi 19: 2–5 this may enlighten you about why it was written. I believe the Book of Mormon was written BOTH for the Nephites and for our day too. The old adage the Book of Mormon was written for our day only, I believe to be incorrect:

    1 NEPHI 19:2-5

    2 And I knew not at the time when I made them that I should be commanded of the Lord to make these plates; wherefore, the record of my father, and the genealogy of his fathers, and the more part of all our proceedings in the wilderness are engraven upon those first plates of which I have spoken; wherefore, the things which transpired before I made these plates are, of a truth, more particularly made mention upon the first plates.

    3 And after I had made these plates by way of commandment, I, Nephi, received a commandment that the ministry and the prophecies, the more plain and precious parts of them, should be written upon these plates; and that the things which were written should be kept for the instruction of my people, who should possess the land, and also for other wise purposes, which purposes are known unto the Lord.

    4 Wherefore, I, Nephi, did make a record upon the other plates, which gives an account, or which gives a greater account of the wars and contentions and destructions of my people. And this have I done, and commanded my people what they should do after I was gone; and that these plates should be handed down from one generation to another, or from one prophet to another, until further commandments of the Lord.

    5 And an account of my making these plates shall be given hereafter; and then, behold, I proceed according to that which I have spoken; and this I do that the more sacred things may be kept for the knowledge of my people.

  3. So, from what I understand, from this, we learn, that there are scheming leaders, political people striving for more power. Also, people striving to change our thoughts by influencing the media. They will lie, cheat, steal, and any other means necessary to achieve their goals. Is this correct? So, are we to be afraid all the time that someone is trying to hurt us? I think it is important to be aware. It is important to be observant; to know what the evils are out there so we can protect ourselves and our children from them. I also feel a great fear being pushed on me from this article. The gospel is a gospel of happiness, not fear. The Lord speaks to his prophets, he also speaks to us through the Holy Ghost. If what you are feeling is fear, you are not listening to the right voice. Our Heavenly Father is in charge, not the evils that are trying to hurt us. Be aware, be observant, make the best judgement you can for a candidate and in deciphering the media, but be not afraid.

    1. Crystal, I think that you have it backwards. The MEDIA want to use fear and misinformation to get people like you and me to support wicked men in their quest for power. The wickedness has already happened, The Gadianton Robbers have already taken control. The point of this article is not to make us afraid, but to see through the wiles and deceit that we have already succumbed to. The object of this article is to invite us to repent and cease supporting the wrong politicians and principles.

    2. Crystal,
      Brother Campbell’s article does not “push a great fear” on anyone, on the contrary it makes very clear that we must fear the Lord alone. It carries an uplifting message, one which I appreciate. Everything addressed is found in the scriptures and they both only instill the good healthy fear of the Lord God which carries with it the promise that if we obey Him we will be protected.
      2 Corinthians 4:8 “We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair.”
      Likewise Elisha in 2 Kings 6 reminds us that we “Fear not” for we know where our protection is found.
      And in 2 Kings 17: 35 “With whom the Lord had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, Ye shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them: 36 But the LORD,…him shall ye fear, and him shall ye worship…
      37 And the statutes, and ordinances, and the law, and the commandment, which he wrote for you, ye shall obseve to do for evermore; and ye shall not fear other gods.
      38 And the covenant that I have made with you ye shall not forget; neither shall ye fear other gods.
      39 But the LORD your God ye shall fear; and he shall deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies.
      40 Howbeit they did not hearken, but they did after their former manner.
      41 So these nations feared the LORD, and served their graven images, both their children, and their children’s children: as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.

      We know this protection is predicated on obedience. He has given us a new commandment to love one another, and “thou shalt not kill” yet just as the Lamanites were led to kill the Nephites through “conspiracy, deceit, murder, and a false-flag terrorist attack… classic secret combination activity” we too have become a blood thirsty, warmongering people by putting our trust in the gods of war rather than in the Living God.
      D&C 98 lays out the Lord’s rules of engagement A-B-C- and as pointed out in this article Captain Moroni set the example for us to follow, but instead just as the prophet Spencer W Kimball warned in his conference talk titled “The False Gods We Worship” we “commit vast resources to the fabrication of gods of stone and steel… When threatened, we become anti-enemy instead of pro-kingdom of God; we train a man in the art of war and call him a patriot…in the manner of Satan’s counterfeit of true patriotism…”
      In truth this article reminds where our allegiance should lie and does not instill fear in the least, it just reminds us not to find “ease in Zion” thinking “All is well!” (2 Nephi 28)
      As JC says, it is an invitation /reminder to repent and begin to support candidates that support Librty. For if we continue to ignore all the prophets and place our trust in the arm of flesh/gods of war hoping that they may bring us the security that is only found in the Lord, then we will not only be without security but all Liberty.

  4. Thank you for this great article. Not about Amalickiah, but in so many other ways does the Book of Mormon describe our day. As my own father once said “human nature never changes,” and so it goes.

    If we can have the Holy Ghost with us we can see how true the warnings are.

  5. One correction: I should have said not only about Amalickiah, not about Amalickiah. Sorry for the typo error!

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